The Importance of Open Policy Forums: Fostering Communities at the Local Level

APNIC Senior Advisor (Services) 中文翻譯

There are OPMs in each of the five regional Internet communities around the world. If you have attended an APNIC conference, you may have heard of APNIC Open Policy meetings.Open policy meetings (OPMs) are special forums where the Internet numbers community discusses policy changes for Internet number resources such as IPv4, IPv6, and AS numbers. These forums are gatherings that inspire participation, assess needs, and propose improvements to policies to better manage these essential addressing elements of the Internet.

Similar to other OPMs, APNIC OPMs are community-led. The APNIC community elects Chairs for the Policy Special Interest Group (SIG), where the APNIC community proposes, debates, and agrees on policy proposals.

APNIC OPMs follow a process to develop policies known as Policy Development Process (PDP). Some of the fundamental principles about policy development are openness, transparency, and a bottom-up approach with consensus-driven decision making.

The discussion of policies is open to anyone interested; the documents are available and accessible to all. Most importantly, people in the community are the ones who propose changes or new policies.

The health of policy development needs to have as many voices as possible from different parts of the region. Some of the voices are from the regular local forums across the Asia Pacific region, such as JPOPM, IRINN OPM, VNNIC OPM, IDNIC OPM, and TWNIC IP OPM etc.

These forums are where local issues are identified and potentially aggregated into the Policy SIG, where the regional policies are agreed upon.

One example of a vibrant OPM is the recent 35th TWNIC IP OPM, held together with the 2nd ICANN APAC-TWNIC Engagement Forum.

It was great to see a local event like this organized as a hybrid model, with face-to-face local participation and remote international participation.

The continuity of community inputs and voices is essential during the pandemic to ensure policy development is not interrupted.

Sessions at the TWNIC OPM also included Cybersecurity SIG, Cooperation SIG, IPv6 deployment SIG, and Policy SIG. Several APNIC staff supported these sessions by either speaking or moderating. You can see more from the APNIC event wrap here.

There are many resources available on the APNIC website to help learn more about the Policy Development Process in the APNIC region. We encourage everyone to participate in the Policy SIG and join the upcoming Open Policy Meeting (OPM) at APNIC 52.


開放政策會議的重要性:培養在地的社群

開放政策會議(Open Policy Meetings,OPMs)是一個屬於網際網路號碼社群的特別論壇,討論網路號碼資源如IPv4、IPv6、AS號碼等政策的調整。這些論壇是激勵參與、評估需求與提出政策改善建議的會議,可以更好的管理這些必要的網路位址元素。

全世界的五個區域性網路社群都會舉辦OPM,如果您曾參與APNIC會議,您可能已經聽過APNIC開放政策會議。

如同其他OPM一般,APNIC OPM是由社群主導。APNIC社群推選政策相關的特別興趣小組(Special Interest Group,SIG)的主席,並由社群提案、討論以對政策提案內容達成同意的共識。

APNIC OPM依循一套政策發展流程(Policy Development Process,PDP)。政策發展基礎包含開放、透明與由下而上途徑,以達成共識為目標的決策。

政策討論是對所有有興趣的參與者開放的,相關文件在網站上提供所有人存取。最重要的是,能由社群內的成員對政策提出改變建議或是提出新的政策。

健康的政策發展需要盡可能地納入區域內不同部分的聲音。許多聲音來自亞太地區固定的在地論壇如:JPOPM(日本)、IRINN OPM(印度)、VNNIC OPM(越南)、IDNIC OPM(印尼)以及TWNIC IP OPM(台灣)等。

這些論壇是在地社群定位議題,或進一步組成政策SIG,讓區域政策能達成共識的機會。

其中一個顯著的例子便是近期與第2屆ICANN APAC-TWNIC Engagement Forum同步舉行的第35屆TWNIC IP OPM

能看到以面對面的實體以及遠端線上混合舉辦的在地活動是相當好的一件事。

社群的輸入與發聲對確保疫情期間的政策發展不中斷非常重要。

TWNIC OPM場次也包含了資訊安全 SIG、合作SIG、IPv6布署SIG與政策SIG。許多APNIC員工藉由參加與談或主持支援這些場次。您可以在APNIC會議記錄看到更多參與情形。

APNIC網站亦提供許多幫助您學習APNIC服務區域內政策發展流程的資源。我們鼓勵所有人參與政策SIG並加入接下來的APNIC52開放政策會議。

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